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The Brief History of Romania (Suggestion: Add Romania in future Total War games)

AkfizAkfiz Registered Users Posts: 3
Romania was never important in the play of major powers, which is why most historical games ignore Romania, but I was sightly dissapointed to notice that there's no Romania in any Total War game.

I'm going to make a short summary of the history of Romania in case the devs ever consider adding it:

Part 1) Antiquity - Dacia

Romania's territory was inhabited by many prehistorical cultures. They later developed into Dacians who were renowned in Ancient Greece for their fighting power. Although Dacians shared the same language and had similar religious costums they were not united, being split up in a dozen of rival tribes. This changed when the Gaulls attacked and a larger coalition of Dacians tribes formed, then King Burebista united them all into a single powerful kingdom in 82 BC.

During the Roman civil war, King Burebista allied with Pompey Magnus against the victorious Julius Caesar, who planned a campaign against Dacia. This war never came to pass as both King Burebista and Julius Caesar were assassinated in year 42 BC. After King Burebista's death, Dacia would fragment into 4 and then 5 different kingdoms based on shifting tribal alliances.

Dacia would once again become a threat to the Roman Empire when reunited under King Decebalus in 87 AD. During the Roman Empire's reign of Emperor Domician, Dacia succesfully invaded the province of Moesia (where Bulgaria is nowdays). The Roman Empire pushed back the Dacians over the Danube river, only to suffer a disastrous defeat while pursuing them and agreed to a humiliating treaty where the Roman Empire paid 8 million sestercies every year to the Kingdom of Dacia. In return, Dacia accepted the nominal status of being a Roman client kingdom.

After two decades of respite, the Roman Empire under Emperor Tranjan would wage two wars against Dacia. During these wars, the Dacians often used shock troops armed with two-handed swords called Falx that were so effective at piercing Roman helmets that they were modified with a pair of crossbars over the dome of the helmet to mitigate the damage from this weapon. However, the full might of the Roman Empire combined with a competent emperor was too much. King Decebalus took his own life while being pursued rather than being captured and paraded through the streets of Rome.

Tens of thousands of Dacians were ensalved and taken into other parts of the empire while the new Roman province of Dacia was heavily colonized especially with Roman military veterans as has been done with Spain generations ago. Although the Dacian heartland has been taken, there were free Dacians on the outskirts of the province that raided and attempted to retake Dacia for decades. This vulnerable province was the focus of intense Latinization, of the many inscriptions of names found dating to Roman Dacia, 74% are latin names.

Part 2) The Migrators

After 168 years of domination, Romans retreated their legions south of Danube river in 274. The Goths moved south to dominate Dacia afterwards. The Roman Emperor Constantine I retook Dacia in 328 earning himself the title [i]"Dacius Maximus"[/i]. After the Romans withdrew yet again a new tribe of uncertain origins called Gepids retook control of Dacia. The Gepids allied with the Huns during their conquests and after the disintegration of the Huns the Gepids established themselves as the primary power in the region receiving tribute of 100 pounds of gold each year from the Roman Empire.

The Gepids came to an end after an invasion from the Avars and Romans. Initially allied with the Romans, the Avars then terrorized the Romans. The Avars were allied with Slavs who gradually became the dominant power in the region. In 681 the First Bulgarian Empire came to dominate the entire region. The First Bulgarian Empire was a long time enemy and occasionally ally of the Byzantine Empire.

Beginning in the 9th century, the semi-nomadic Principality of Hungary gradually conquered Transylvania defeating the latin speaking Vlachs, as the Byzantine Empire referred to them as, in the Duchy of Gelou, Duchy of Glad and Duchy of Menumorut. The First Bulgarian Empire collapsed soon afterwards due to attacks from the Byzantine Empire. During this time, the Vlachs gained greater autonomy and freedom.

In the mid 13th century, the Mongol Empire invaded Eastern Europe. After the Mongol Empire withdrew, 3 latin speaking states formed: Transylvania, Moldavia and Wallachia as semi-independent vassals of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1277, the Wallachian Vlach Litovoi revolted against Kingdom of Hungary by refusing to pay tribute. The rebellion ended in 1278 when Litovoi was killed in battle and his brother Bărbat was taken prisoner by Kingdom of Hungary. After Bărbat paid his ransom and recognized the Kingdom of Hungary's rule he took his brother's throne.

Part 3) Romanian Medieval States

In 1330, the Wallachian Vlach Basarab I revolted and defeated a much larger force of the Kingdom of Hungary. The most notable victory was the Battle of Posada where 10.000 Wallachian troops defeated 30.000 Hungarian troops. The Wallachians suffered light casualties while the Hungarians suffered very heavy casualties. Establishing Wallachia as a fully independent state.

In 1345, the Moldavian Vlach Bogdan I revolted against Moldavian Vlach Dragos and his Kingdom of Hungary overlord. Eventually defeating both of them and establishing Moldavia as a fully independent state. The Kingdom of Hungary didn't recognise Moldavia's indpendence and attacked it again take retake the territory but after a few failed attempts it eventually recognized Moldavia's independence.

After earning independence, Wallachia and Moldavia allied with the Kingdom of Hungary against a much greater foe, the Ottoman Empire. The Wallachian ruler Mircea Basarab the Elder defeated the Ottomans and took Dobrogea in 1389. Sultan Beyazid I crossed the Danube in 1394 to retake Dobrogea with over 40,000 men, while Wallachia only had about 10,000 men. The two armies clashed at the Battle of Rovine where Mircea the Elder outsmarted and defeated the Ottoman Empire again. In 1417, after Mircea the Elder died Wallachia gave Doborgea back and became a vassal to the Ottoman Empire, paying a large yearly tribute of gold and children in exchange for retaining independent rule. During these turbulent times in Wallachia, they fought amongst themselves as often as they rebelled against the Ottoman Empire, which was often.

In 1456, Vlad III Basarab Tepes became ruler of Wallachia, most notably known as Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Dracula. He became renowned through Europe, not only for the devastating defeats he dealt to the Ottoman Empire but also for his legendary cruelty, which hundreds of years later would inspire the fictional character Dracula. In spite of his cruel and sadistic tendencies he is a just ruler loved by honest folk, it was said that during his reign you could leave your gold purse unattended in the market without fear that someone will try to steal it. His most notable victory was the Night Attack at Targoviste where 35.000 Wallachian troops defeated 100.000 Ottoman troops. The Wallachians suffered 5.000 casualties while the Ottomans 15.000. His revolt against the Ottoman Empire eventually failed and Wallachia was forced to pay tribute again.

During the long reign of Vlad the Impaler's contemporary and cousin, Stephen the Great of Moldavia from 1457 to 1504. The state of Moldavia reached the height of its power, influence and independence. One of the greatest military commanders of his time, he won about 48 out of 50 battles against Ottomans, Hungarians, Poles and Tatars while outnumbered in most of them. Truly, a remarkable strategist and statesman.

He was highly religious, didn't like wars and wished for peace with other countries, but did what he had to do in order do to protect Moldavia. For every victory against the Ottoman Empire he built a new church, because of him the region of Moldavia is full of churches to this day. He once asked all European nations to join him in a new crusade against the Ottoman Empire, but nobody replied because they were too busy fighting each other. However, after his death in 1504 the states of Moldavia as well as Wallachia, Transylvania and the Kingdom of Hungary fell under increased Ottoman influence and control. The relationship between the Ottoman Empire and these client states was extremely complex and frequently changed. Ofter near autonomy was granted, in exchange for tribute payments of gold and men to fill the ranks of the Ottoman army.

In 1601, during the reign of Michael the Brave, a large unified fully independent native state was established on the both sides of the Carpathian mountains for the first time since King Decebalus has ruled Dacia. Michael the Brave became ruler of Wallachia in 1593, defeated the Ottomans in 1595. His most famous victory is the Battle of Calugareni where 10.000 Wallachian troops with 5.000 mercenaries defeated 100.000 Ottoman troops. The Wallachians suffered 1.000 casualties while the Ottomans 15.000. In 1599 he became the ruler of Transylvania and in 1600 ruler of Moldavia, uniting all Romanian provinces under a single ruler.

This state was short-lived, as Michael the Brave was assassinated in 1601 and the Ottoman gained control again a few years later. The Kingdom of Hungary regained its lost territory and Transylvania once again became a hungarian vassal state. While the union was short-lived, it became a symbol of hope and the bedrock of the national conscience of Romanians. His seal from 1600 depicted the Black Eagle of Wallachia, the Aurochs Head of Moldavia, the Seven Hills of Transylvania and Two Rampant Lions affronts supporting the trunk of a tree, as a symbol of a reunited Dacia.

In 1683, the Ottoman Empire was defeated at the Battle of Vienna and the Austrian Empire took Transylvania. Although some of its people were Magyars or Germans most were Romanian peasants. Their harsh treatment led to a rebellion headed by 3 sherfs called: Horea, Cloșa, Crișan. The rebellion failed but in 1785 Austrian Empire abolished serfdom in Transylvania. In 1699, the Austrian Empire took the region Bukovina from Moldavia who used to be under Ottoman rule.

In 1765, Transylvania was declared a Grand Principality further consolidating its special separate status within Austrian Empire. Another Russo-Turkish war started in 1806, after 6 years of war the Russian Empire won and annexed half of Moldavia that will later be known as Bessarabia and in present-day is the country Moldova.

The early 19th century saw a brief period of the Russian Empire's control over Wallachia and Moldavia. And a series of Romanian uprising against the Russian Empire, the Austrian Empire and Ottoman Empire continude to rule as national sentiments continued to grow.

In 1848, Hungary wanted freedom and equality from the Austrian Empire and started a revolt. The Transylvanian Romanians initially supported Hungary as they wanted freedom and equality too, until they realised that Hungary wanted freedom and equality only for Hungarians and also wanted to unite Transylvania with Hungary. Then Transylvanian Romanians went to the Austrian Empire for support. They were initially ignored but when the Hungary declared independence, the Austrian Empire opened to the Romanian demands in exchange for fighting Hungary. The Romanian serf Avram Iancu took command of the Romanian forces with the Austrian Empire and defeated the Kingdom of Hungary.

After Hungary's defeat, the Austrian Empire rejected the demand of creating a province for Romanians (Transylvania, Banat and Bukovina) out of fear of replacing Hungarian nationalism with Romanian nationalism. Yet the Austrian Empire created Romanian administrative offices in Transylvania and granted the Romanians numerous liberties and rights.

Part 4) Union, Reforms, Freedom, Kingdom

If you're interested I will continute in the modern era.

Spolier alert - it's about the unification of Romania.


Thank you for reading. Please, make it happen, it would mean a lot to many Romanians.
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